How to Treat Special Skin Problems
Where skincare really gets complicated is when you’re dealing with more than one skincare issue. We mentioned in the previous posts that combination skin, as we define it, is more than just having dry skin in some areas and oily skin in others. As we see it, combination skin can encompass far more.
Anytime you’re dealing with more than one skincare concern, we think that’s exactly what combination skin is all about, and why people are so confused about whether this is their skin type or not. In reality, most people have some kind of combination skin because most can have a variety of issues at the same time.
The skin conditions mentioned in this guide can be present with any number of other skincare problems/concerns. It’s important to realize that the medications or skincare recommendations below will need to be combined with other skincare recommendations in this guide as part of a comprehensive daily skincare routine that contains core products suitable for your skin type AND the corresponding products needed to address your skin concerns.
These corresponding products should have textures that work with your skin type; for example, if you have oily skin and brown spots, use a lotion or gel-based skin lightener rather than a skin-lightening cream that’s better suited for dry skin. Treatment products labeled “for all skin types” generally have lighter textures because they are more versatile and easier to combine with other products in your routine.
How to Treat Special Skin Problems
Rosacea is a chronic, inﬂammatory skin condition of the face characterized by areas of pink to red color (called ﬂushing) often spread out in a butterﬂy pattern over the nose and cheeks. In time, rosacea often progresses to the chin and central part of the forehead, too. In the beginning, this ﬂushing can come and go, but over time it becomes increasingly persistent and will eventually stay. For some people, the ﬂushing can be accompanied by bumpy skin, as well as acne breakouts or blackheads and oily or dry skin. Now that’s a dilemma!
Quite typically, rosacea-aﬀected skin starts oﬀ being sensitive, but sometimes not. In almost all rosacea cases, skin sensitivity shows up at some point down the road, and tends to progressively worsen without treatment. Often those with rosacea react strongly to internal or external changes in temperature as well as to eating spicy food. Rosacea is a very temperamental, frustrating skin disorder, and it happens to a lot of people!
Rosacea aﬀects primarily adults, usually between the ages of 30 and 60. It aﬀects all segments of the population, but is most common in people with fair skin tones, especially those who tend to blush easily. In fact, depending on whose statistics you want to believe, it can afict somewhere between 30 and 50 percent of the Caucasian population! Women are diagnosed with rosacea more frequently than men, but men tend to experience more severe symptoms, such as a swollen, distended nose area and more broken capillaries.
The diagnosis diﬀerential between men and women can be at least partially accounted for because women are more concerned about their skincare problems and are more willing to see dermatologists for treatment than men. Guys, if you think you have rosacea, it’s not something you have to “tough out.” An increasingly red, ruddy complexion can be made better—and it’s not the least bit unmanly to take steps to improve what you don’t like about your skin!
Left untreated, the sensitivity of rosacea-aﬀected skin can go oﬀ the charts, reacting to a random mix of stimuli, from the most gentle skincare products to sipping an iced tea.
We mentioned that those with rosacea can also have skin that’s oily or dry (or both), with persistent ﬂaking. The acne-like bumps that tend to accompany rosacea typically don’t respond to over-the-counter or prescription acne treatments; in fact, such products may cause rosacea to become more inﬂamed and red, either immediately or later on. Adding to these frustrating symptoms is that some people who have rosacea also get acne, and while traditional treatments work to control the acne, they make the redness and
sensitivity from rosacea worse, leaving the person feeling torn between not treating the acne so as not to worsen their rosacea, or treating the acne at the expense of making their rosacea worse.
No question—treating rosacea isn’t easy and there’s no known cure, but following the steps we present will get you closer to the beautiful, calm skin you want. First, let’s discuss what causes rosacea, and then, most important, we’ll tell you how to treat it.
==> Read Rosacea Treatment Guide
Regardless of your ethnic background or skin color, eventually most of us will struggle with some kind of brown or ashen pigmentation problem. The primary, if not exclusive, cause of these spots is sun damage. Skin will either appear lighter or darker than normal in concentrated areas, or you may notice blotchy, uneven patches of brown to gray discoloration or freckling.
No matter when or where these spots show up, chances are good that you want to get rid of them! Brown spots pop up on areas of skin that are always exposed to sun, and even if we try to be diligent about sun protection, years of prior unprotected and prolonged exposure to the sun will add up. But before we discuss treating brown spots, it’s critical to understand more about how they got there in the first place!
==> Read BROWN SPOTS Treatment Guide
Milia is the technical term for small, hard, white bumps that are rarely swollen or inﬂamed, and that don’t change much once they show up—mostly on the face—in just about anyone, including infants, teens, and adults. These frustrating yet benign bumps are incredibly stubborn, and can last for weeks, months, and sometimes longer!
Though milia aren’t harmful in any way, getting rid of them can be tough. There’s a right way and a wrong way to remove them—and the wrong way can damage your skin. Following our recommendations should help you safely get rid of the bumps you have and possibly keep them from ever coming back!
Milia Are NOT Pimples!
If you’ve had milia, you likely wondered if they were some kind of pimple. While many people mistake the tiny, pearl-like bumps for acne, they’re not the same thing. One of the easiest ways to identify milia bumps is by how they feel and look.
Unlike acne, milia are rather frm, and squeezing has little or no impact on them. Also unlike acne, these bumps can show up around the eyes and on parts of the face where there aren’t active oil glands. Milia also don’t have the pain and redness associated with acne nor are they due to inﬂammatory factors within skin. When a pimple forms, it quickly becomes inﬂamed, red, and sore; that doesn’t happen with milia. In fact, milia just tend to sit there, minding their own business!
YELLOW BUMPS UNDER THE EYES?
If you have yellowish, slight to obvious bumps without a depressed center around your eyes and/or on your eyelids, they aren’t milia (which typically are a translucent ﬂesh to white color). Instead, you may be dealing with a skin growth known as xanthoma. These bumps are common in people who have high cholesterol or high triglyceride levels. See your health care provider for a lipid panel, a test that involves drawing blood to analyze it for the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides that may be causing the bumps. Reducing the health problems associated with xanthoma can reduce the number and size of the bumps.
==> Read TREATING AND PREVENTING MILIA
If you have struggled with oily or combination skin for most of your life and are now over the age of 40, you may have noticed a series of small, stub born, crater-like bumps with a whitish rim popping up randomly on various parts of your face. While these bumps may appear to be a type of blackhead, milia, or breakout, they aren’t. The diﬀerence is that these strange spots justdon’t go away, no matter what you do. If you’re seeing these spots, chances are you have sebaceous hyperplasia.
KERATOSIS PILARIS (AKA CHICKEN SKIN)
Now let’s leave the face and go on to the body to discuss a very common problem. If you’re seeing large patches of little red or white inﬂamed bumps on the outside of your upper arms, thighs, or backside, you probably have a skin condition called keratosis pilaris. Also known as KP or as “chicken skin,” this disorder aﬀects 50%–80% of all adolescents and almost half of all adults, though no one knows exactly why this happens or why it’s so prevalent.
KP isn’t a serious or harmful medical condition in the least, but it’s a frustrating and undesirable one nonetheless. For many, these bumps are an embarrassment, and covering them up feels like the only solution. Thankfully, covering up isn’t the only solution. But, as with so many other skin issues, before you understand how to fix the problem, it helps to understand what’s causing it!
Eczema (also known as atopic dermatitis) is a general term used to describe a strange variety of skin rashes ranging from small sections of skin that are slightly itchy, dry, and irritated to chronically inﬂamed, oozing, crusted areas covering the entire body and accompanied by incessant itching. Pardon us for being blunt, but eczema just sucks!
Eczema can have multiple appearances, looking and feeling completely different from person to person. The most common areas for eczema to occur are in the folds of the arms and legs, the back of the neck, back of the hands, tops of the feet, and the wrists. It’s estimated to aﬀect up to 20% of children, and the research on how eczema improves and worsens throughout life is inconclusive—though symptoms do seem to become less intense when a child with eczema reaches adulthood.
==> Read Treating and preventing ECZEMA
Whether from an injury, surgery, or a skin problem such as acne, scars are something almost everyone has to deal with at some point or another. Although unsightly, they’re an amazing example of the miraculous way skin heals itself when injured. Scars may be ﬂat or raised, practically invisible or obvious, but what you do to assist the skin as it heals—and how you treat the scarred area afterward—makes a big diﬀerence in how the scar looks. Before you learn how to treat scars, you need to understand how they form, how to care for injured skin to minimize scarring, and what type of scar you’re dealing with.
WHAT IS PSORIASIS?
Psoriasis is a complicated skin disease that is said to aﬀect over 125 million people worldwide. It is a chronic condition resulting from what is thought to be an auto-immune disorder in which skin cells malfunction and reproduce much faster than normal, leaving thickened, raised patches or large areas of red or brown, wet-looking, scaly skin on the face and body.
There are several forms of psoriasis, ranging from mild to severe—and even disabling. Sadly, there is still no cure, but, thankfully, there is an immense amount of research taking place today that is seeking better medical treatments and potential cures. There are many diﬀerent types of treatments available, ranging from over-the-counter (OTC) options to prescription-only treatments, both topical and oral. Depending on how your skin responds to the treatment, there is a very good chance you will experience improvement
for extended periods of time and possibly even keep it that way.
There also are advanced medical options, such as immune-modulating drugs, but they can have long-term risks, which you should discuss with your physician. Experimenting with a variety of options will likely provide the best results, but regardless of what you decide to do, it will require regular and consistent behavior and usage.
==> Read Treating and preventing Psoriasis