Skin type and skin concern
One of the more confusing aspects of developing an eﬀective skincare routine is fnding products that work for your skin type and that also address your skin concerns. It’s important to understand exactly what you should be using for each (skin type and skin concern) and why. Here’s how it works.
Skin type and skin concern
Skin type is the primary feel of your skin: how dry, oily, combination (meaning oily in some areas dry in others), or normal it is (normal meaning neither oily nor combination nor dry, just normal). Some people would add sensitive skin as a skin type, but because the research shows that skin is reactive to the environment and to everything we apply to it, whether we feel it or not, everyone truly has sensitive skin and must treat it as such.
Once you’ve determined what your skin type is and you know whether it’s normal, dry, oily, or combination, you can then determine what type of products you will need for your core skincare routine. You must look for products that are identifed as being appropriate for your skin type. Products for the core routine include cleansers, toners, exfoliants, moisturizers, and sunscreens. These products, with textures appropriate for your skin type, will meet the basic needs of your skin every day of your life. Creamy, rich-textured
products will be best for dry skin, lotions for normal skin, and gels and watery serums or liquids for oily/combination skin.
Next, identify your skin concerns so you can add the appropriate treatment products to address those needs. The most typical skin concerns are wrinkles, loss of frmness, brown spots, red spots, sun damage, advanced sun damage, blackheads, acne, occasional breakouts, rough skin, patches of ﬂaky skin, redness, rosacea, keratosis pilaris, and sebaceous hyperplasia.
Because you will use your treatment products in conjunction with your core skincare routine, the textures of the treatment products should gener- ally be lighter weight so as to not feel heavy on skin. They can be absorbent serums, liquids, light lotions, or ﬂuids.
Once you’ve determined your skin type along with your skin concerns, you can begin assessing what types of products and formulas you can combine to get the best results.
Not every skin concern will need a separate treatment product because many treatment products can address more than one concern, and sometimes your core skincare routine is just right to achieve unbelievable results. But, the more concerns you have or the more stubborn they are, it can take multiple products to get your skin concerns under control. This is especially true if you’re dealing with multiple concerns, such as breakouts, wrinkles, advanced sun damage, and skin discolorations.
To sum up: If you have oily/combination skin, you should be using products with a liquid, gel, lightweight serum or thin, matte-fnish lotion texture.
If you have dry skin, you should be using rich emollient creams and lotions. If you have normal skin, the product textures you should be looking for are soft-feeling lightweight lotions.
Keeping these factors in mind, use them as your guideline to assemble a skincare routine that addresses your skin’s everyday needs. Your skin type is the basis for a routine that should include a cleanser, toner, AHA (alpha hydroxy acid) or BHA (beta hydroxy acid) exfoliant, daytime moisturizer with sunscreen, and a moisturizer without sunscreen for use at night.
Now that you have your basic routine, it’s time to identify your skin concerns and determine what additional targeted treatment products, if any, are necessary. For example, in some cases, a concern (such as clogged pores) might be handled beautifully by one of the products in your basic skincare routine, such as a BHA exfoliant. However, if you also have brown spots, you’ll want to add a skin-lightening treatment to your regular routine to address the discolorations in a more targeted manner than merely using an AHA or BHA exfoliant.